Late Oligocene midlatitude warming and temperate Early Miocene from alkenone-derived Sea Surface Temperature estimates
- Working Paper
Large Antarctic ice volume changes characterized the middle to Late Oligocene and the first million years of climate evolution during the Miocene. However, the sea surface temperature (SST) evolution over this period remains poorly constrained, as only a few records from contrasting proxies are available. In this study, we present a long-term alkenone-derived SST record from sediments drilled by the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) at Site 1168 in the west Tasmanian Sea spanning 29.8 Ma to 16.7 Ma. The SST record reaffirms that the long term warming in the Late Oligocene linked to the end of the Middle Oligocene Glacial Interval can be recognized also at mid-to-high latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere. Stable average temperatures are present from 24.5 to 22 Ma, and then decrease 2°C into the Miocene until they stabilize by 20.1 Ma. The reconstructed temperatures are highly variable in the warm Late Oligocene waters, and more stable and slightly colder in the Early to Middle Miocene. We confirm that this temperature trend is not an artefact of the latitudinal drift of the site, as the temperature anomaly relative to the modern water temperature at the paleolocation confirms the SST trends of the Oligocene. This is the first alkenone-derived record to show the cold conditions related with the Middle Oligocene Glacial Interval in the Southern Ocean and gradual warming in the latest Oligocene. Show more
Journal / seriesEarth and Space Science Open Archive
Organisational unit09601 - Stoll, Heather / Stoll, Heather
NotesThis preprint has been submitted to and is under consideration at Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology.
MoreShow all metadata