- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Objective The implantation of intraneural electrodes in amputees has been observed to be effective in providing subjects with sensory feedback. However, this implantation is challenging and time consuming. Surgeons must be especially trained to execute the implantation. Therefore, we aimed at developing a novel peripheral intraneural electrode and insertion mechanism, which could drastically reduce the overall implantation time while achieving a high neural selectivity. Approach A new insertion method based on hollow microneedles was developed to realize the prompt and effective simultaneous implantation of up to 14 active sites in a transversal manner. Each needle guided two Pt/Ir microwires through the nervous tissue. After the insertion, the microneedles were released, leaving behind the microwires. Each microwire had one active site, which was coated with poly-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) to enhance the electrochemical properties. The active sites were characterized by evaluating the impedance, charge storage capacity, and maximum injectable charge. Twelve quick to implant peripheral intraneural electrodes (Q-PINEs) were implanted in four pig sciatic nerves to evaluate the implantation time and neural selectivity. We compared the stimulation of the sciatic nerve with that of its branches. Main results The average surgical access time was 23 min. The insertion time for 12 electrodes was 6.7 min (std. ±1.6 min). The overall implantation time was reduced by 40.3 min compared to the previously reported values. The Q-PINE system demonstrated a satisfactory performance during in vitro and in vivo characterization. The electrochemical results showed that the PEDOT coating successfully increased the electrochemical parameters of the active sites. Significance With an average impedance of 1.7 kΩ, a maximum charge level of 76.2 nC could be achieved per active site. EMG recruitment curves showed that 46% of the active sites exhibited selective stimulation of four out of six muscles. The histological analysis indicated that the microwires successfully penetrated the nerve and single fascicles. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Neural Engineering
Pages / Article No.
Subjectintraneural electrode; platinum-iridium; PEDOT; selectivity index; quick to implant
Organisational unit09632 - Raspopovic, Stanisa / Raspopovic, Stanisa
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