Cortical plasticity after hand prostheses use: Is the hypothesis of deafferented cortex “invasion” always true?
- Journal Article
Objective To study motor cortex plasticity after a period of training with a new prototype of bidirectional hand prosthesis in three left trans-radial amputees, correlating these changes with the modification of Phantom Limb Pain (PLP) in the same period. Methods Each subject underwent a brain motor mapping with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and PLP evaluation with questionnaires during a six-month training with a prototype of bidirectional hand prosthesis. Results The baseline motor maps showed in all three amputees a smaller area of muscles representation of the amputated side compared to the intact limb. After training, there was a partial reversal of the baseline asymmetry. The two subjects affected by PLP experienced a statistically significant reduction of pain. Conclusions Two apparently opposite findings, the invasion of the “deafferented” cortex by neighbouring areas and the “persistence” of neural structures after amputation, could vary according to different target used for measurement. Our results do not support a correlation between PLP and motor cortical changes. Significance The selection of the target and of the task is essential for studies investigating motor brain plasticity. This study boosts against a direct and unique role of motor cortical changes on PLP genesis. © 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V. Show more
Journal / seriesClinical Neurophysiology
Pages / Article No.
SubjectHand amputation; Motor map; Bidirectional hand prosthesis; Robotic hand; Brain plasticity; Phantom limb pain
Organisational unit09632 - Raspopovic, Stanisa / Raspopovic, Stanisa
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