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dc.contributor.author
Eppenberger, Leila S.
dc.contributor.author
Sturm, Veit
dc.date.accessioned
2021-02-18T14:54:42Z
dc.date.available
2021-02-05T04:02:10Z
dc.date.available
2021-02-18T14:54:42Z
dc.date.issued
2020
dc.identifier.other
10.2147/OPTH.S245192
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/467854
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000467854
dc.description.abstract
Purpose: The development of myopia as a refractive disorder seems to hold multifactorial causes. Among others, increased time exposed to natural light outdoors is regarded as possible effective preventive measure against myopia development. The objective of this review is to analyse and summarize the evidence investigating the association between time outdoors and myopia prevalence and progression. Methods: A review, restricted to articles published in the last ten years, was conducted. The literature search for the included articles was performed in the following databases: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Scopus. If predefined inclusion criteria were met, the studies were further categorized and data were summarized and individually evaluated. Results: Two cross-sectional studies, 7 prospective cohort studies and 3 intervention studies were reported in this review, representing the data of a total of 32,381 participants. The majority of the studies found an inverse association between myopia incidence/prevalence and increased time outdoors. The association between time outdoors and myopia progression on the other hand remains debatable; one recent randomized controlled trial indicating a protective value of increased time outdoors for further progression in myopic children. Conclusion: In summary, increasing time exposed to outdoor light seems to be a simple and effective preventive measure to decrease myopia prevalence. Also, contrasting previous review work, it may represent a potential strategy for myopia progression control. Future investigation is necessary to better define and quantify outdoor time and its effects on myopia.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Dove Medical Press
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
dc.subject
myopia
en_US
dc.subject
prevalence
en_US
dc.subject
progression
en_US
dc.subject
exposure to sunlight
en_US
dc.subject
outdoor exposure
en_US
dc.subject
myopia control
en_US
dc.title
The Role of Time Exposed to Outdoor Light for Myopia Prevalence and Progression: A Literature Review
en_US
dc.type
Review Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported
dc.date.published
2020-07-02
ethz.journal.title
Clinical Ophthalmology
ethz.journal.volume
14
en_US
ethz.pages.start
1875
en_US
ethz.pages.end
1890
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.publication.place
Macclesfield
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2021-02-05T04:02:21Z
ethz.source
WOS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-02-18T14:54:54Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T05:17:24Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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