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dc.contributor.author
Hoeksema, Jason D.
dc.contributor.author
Averill, Colin
dc.contributor.author
Bhatnagar, Jennifer M.
dc.contributor.author
Brzostek, Edward
dc.contributor.author
Buscardo, Erika
dc.contributor.author
Chen, Ko-Hsuan
dc.contributor.author
Liao, Hui-Ling
dc.contributor.author
Nagy, Laszlo
dc.contributor.author
Policelli, Nahuel
dc.contributor.author
Ridgeway, Joanna
dc.contributor.author
Rojas, J. Alejandro
dc.contributor.author
Vilgalys, Rytas
dc.date.accessioned
2021-03-04T10:50:45Z
dc.date.available
2021-02-05T04:10:08Z
dc.date.available
2021-02-18T09:04:11Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-04T10:50:45Z
dc.date.issued
2020-07
dc.identifier.issn
2624-893X
dc.identifier.other
10.3389/ffgc.2020.00084
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/467905
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000467905
dc.description.abstract
Introductions and invasions by fungi, especially pathogens and mycorrhizal fungi, are widespread and potentially highly consequential for native ecosystems, but may also offer opportunities for linking microbial traits to their ecosystem functions. In particular, treating ectomycorrhizal (EM) invasions, i.e., co-invasions by EM fungi and their EM host plants, as natural experiments may offer a powerful approach for testing how microbial traits influence ecosystem functions. Forests dominated by EM symbiosis have unique biogeochemistry whereby the secretions of EM plants and fungi affect carbon (C) and nutrient cycling; moreover, particular lineages of EM fungi have unique functional traits. EM invasions may therefore alter the biogeochemistry of the native ecosystems they invade, especially nitrogen (N) and C cycling. By identifying “response traits” that favor the success of fungi in introductions and invasions (e.g., spore dispersal and germination) and their correlations with “effect traits” (e.g., nutrient-cycling enzymes) that can alter N and C cycling (and affect other coupled elemental cycles), one may be able to predict the functional consequences for ecosystems of fungal invasions using biogeochemistry models that incorporate fungal traits. Here, we review what is already known about how EM fungal community composition, traits, and ecosystem functions differ between native and exotic populations, focusing on the example of EM fungi associated with species of Pinus introduced from the Northern into the Southern Hemisphere. We develop hypotheses on how effects of introduced and invasive EM fungi may depend on interactions between soil N availability in the exotic range and EM fungal traits. We discuss how such hypotheses could be tested by utilizing Pinus introductions and invasions as a model system, especially when combined with controlled laboratory experiments. Finally, we illustrate how ecosystem modeling can be used to link fungal traits to their consequences for ecosystem N and C cycling in the context of biological invasions, and we highlight exciting avenues for future directions in understanding EM invasion.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Frontiers Research Foundation
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
ectomycorrhizal fungi
en_US
dc.subject
Pinus (pine)
en_US
dc.subject
invasive species
en_US
dc.subject
introduced species impacts
en_US
dc.subject
carbon and nitrogen cycling
en_US
dc.title
Ectomycorrhizal Plant-Fungal Co-invasions as Natural Experiments for Connecting Plant and Fungal Traits to Their Ecosystem Consequences
en_US
dc.type
Review Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2020-07-14
ethz.journal.title
Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
ethz.journal.volume
3
en_US
ethz.pages.start
84
en_US
ethz.size
13 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Lausanne
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2021-02-05T04:10:13Z
ethz.source
WOS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-02-18T09:04:21Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-18T09:04:21Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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