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We report the first definitive Nusselt number scale of thermal boundary layers from curved surfaces characterized by the proposed non-dimensional curvature parameter ξ = R 0/(H Ra −1/4), where R 0 denotes the radius of a curved surface, H denotes the corresponding finite height, and Ra denotes the global Rayleigh number of a virtual reference thermal boundary layer on a vertical flat surface. The Nusselt number scale is given by Nu ∼ ξ −1/5 Ra 1/4 in which Nu ∼ Ra 1/4 is the scale for the flat surface case, revealing that curved thermal boundary layers could present times-of-magnitude larger heat flux with the curvature parameter being ξ ≪ 1. The velocity and thickness scales are also given by Vs∼R02/5Ra3/5H7/5κ and ΔT∼R01/5H4/5Ra1/5. Show more
Journal / seriesPhysics of Fluids
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
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