Thermodynamic analysis of DNA hybridization signatures near mitochondrial DNA deletion breakpoints
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Broad evidence in the literature supports double-strand breaks (DSBs) as initiators of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion mutations. While DNA misalignment during DSB repair is commonly proposed as the mechanism by which DSBs cause deletion mutations, details such as the specific DNA repair errors are still lacking. Here, we used DNA hybridization thermodynamics to infer the sequence lengths of mtDNA misalignments that are associated with mtDNA deletions. We gathered and analyzed 9,921 previously reported mtDNA deletion breakpoints in human, rhesus monkey, mouse, rat, and Caenorhabditis elegans. Our analysis shows that a large fraction of mtDNA breakpoint positions can be explained by the thermodynamics of short ≤ 5-nt misalignments. The significance of short DNA misalignments supports an important role for erroneous non-homologous and micro-homology-dependent DSB repair in mtDNA deletion formation. The consistency of the results of our analysis across species further suggests a shared mode of mtDNA deletion mutagenesis. Show more
Journal / seriesiScience
Pages / Article No.
150522 - Ageing, Mitochondria and Mitochondrial DNA (SNF)
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