Direct measurement of thermophoretic and photophoretic force acting on hot micromotors with optical tweezers
- Journal Article
Synthetic microparticles present exciting features owing to their customizable light-matter interaction. We hereby report on the optical trapping of two artificial plasmonic microparticles: one with isotropic nanoparticles covering the surface (homogeneous particle) used as a hot Brownian particle and an anisotropic Janus microparticle, half coated with a gold nano-layer. The homogeneous particle decorated with plasmonic nanoparticles on the surface displays features of hot Brownian dynamics as well as photophoretic motion along z dimension in the optical trap. A dielectric particle was used as a reference particle because it acts as a cold particle with only the gradient force affecting it. In general, Janus particles orient in the trap with the dielectric part in the trap center. Plasmonic gold nanostructures absorb the light energy and produce heat; the photothermal forces significantly affect the optical trapping. These hot microspheres display temperature and Janus orientation dependent position distribution significantly different from cold (purely dielectric) microparticles. The developed method allows for the first time direct determination of the photophoretic (thermal force along light propagation direction) and thermophoretic force (light propagation direction independent force) acting on the respective particles, which opens new paths for analysis and control of micromachines. © 2021 Elsevier B.V. Show more
Journal / seriesApplied Surface Science
Pages / Article No.
SubjectMicromotor; Photophoresis; Thermophoresis; Hot Brownian particle; Janus particle; Optical tweezers
Organisational unit03887 - Wang, Jing / Wang, Jing
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