Scalable PbS Quantum Dot Solar Cell Production by Blade Coating from Stable Inks
- Journal Article
The recent development of phase transfer ligand exchange methods for PbS quantum dots (QD) has enhanced the performance of quantum dots solar cells and greatly simplified the complexity of film deposition. However, the dispersions of PbS QDs (inks) used for film fabrication often suffer from colloidal instability, which hinders large-scale solar cell production. In addition, the wasteful spin-coating method is still the main technique for the deposition of QD layer in solar cells. Here, we report a strategy for scalable solar cell fabrication from highly stable PbS QD inks. By dispersing PbS QDs capped with CH3NH3PbI3 in 2,6-difluoropyridine (DFP), we obtained inks that are colloidally stable for more than 3 months. Furthermore, we demonstrated that DFP yields stable dispersions even of large diameter PbS QDs, which are of great practical relevance owing to the extended coverage of the near-infrared region. The optimization of blade-coating deposition of DFP-based inks enabled the fabrication of PbS QD solar cells with power conversion efficiencies of up to 8.7%. It is important to underline that this performance is commensurate with the devices made by spin coating of inks with the same ligands. A good shelf life-time of these inks manifests itself in the comparatively high photovoltaic efficiency of 5.8% obtained with inks stored for more than 120 days. Show more
Journal / seriesACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Subjectquantum dots; lead sulfide; solar cells; blade coating; colloidal stability; scalable fabrication; perovskite ligands; phase transfer ligand exchange
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