Expanding the Cross-Link Coverage of a Carboxyl-Group Specific Chemical Cross-Linking Strategy for Structural Proteomics Applications
- Journal Article
Carboxyl-group specific chemical cross-linking is gaining an increased interest as a structural mass spectrometry/structural proteomics technique that is complementary to the more commonly used amine-specific chemistry using succinimide esters. One of these protocols uses a combination of dihydrazide linkers and the coupling reagent DMTMM [4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methylmorpholinium] chloride, which allows performing the reaction at neutral pH. The reaction yields two types of products, carboxyl–carboxyl cross-links that incorporate the dihydrazide linker and zero-length carboxyl-amine cross-links induced by DMTMM alone. Until now, it has not been systematically investigated how the balance between the two products is affected by experimental conditions. Here, we studied the role of the ratios of the two reagents (using pimelic dihydrazide and DMTMM) and demonstrate that the concentration of the two reagents can be systematically adjusted to favor one reaction product over the other. Using a set of five model proteins, we observed that the number of identified cross-linked peptides could be more than doubled by a combination of three different reaction conditions. We also applied this strategy to the bovine 20S proteasome and the Escherichia coli 70S ribosome, again demonstrating complementarity and increased cross-link coverage. Show more
Journal / seriesAnalytical chemistry
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
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