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dc.contributor.author
Menzel, Juliane
dc.contributor.author
Abraham, Klaus
dc.contributor.author
Stangl, Gabriele I.
dc.contributor.author
Ueland, Per M.
dc.contributor.author
Obeid, Rima
dc.contributor.author
Schulze, Matthias B.
dc.contributor.author
Herter-Aeberli, Isabelle
dc.contributor.author
Schwerdtle, Tanja
dc.contributor.author
Weikert, Cornelia
dc.date.accessioned
2021-03-03T10:15:03Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-03T08:34:46Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-03T10:15:03Z
dc.date.issued
2021-02
dc.identifier.other
10.3390/nu13020685
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/472648
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000472648
dc.description.abstract
Scientific evidence suggests that a vegan diet might be associated with impaired bone health. Therefore, a cross-sectional study (n = 36 vegans, n = 36 omnivores) was used to investigate the associations of veganism with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements, along with the investigation of differences in the concentrations of nutrition- and bone-related biomarkers between vegans and omnivores. This study revealed lower levels in the QUS parameters in vegans compared to omnivores, e.g., broadband ultrasound attenuation (vegans: 111.8 ± 10.7 dB/MHz, omnivores: 118.0 ± 10.8 dB/MHz, p = 0.02). Vegans had lower levels of vitamin A, B2, lysine, zinc, selenoprotein P, n-3 fatty acids, urinary iodine, and calcium levels, while the concentrations of vitamin K1, folate, and glutamine were higher in vegans compared to omnivores. Applying a reduced rank regression, 12 out of the 28 biomarkers were identified to contribute most to bone health, i.e., lysine, urinary iodine, thyroid-stimulating hormone, selenoprotein P, vitamin A, leucine, α-klotho, n-3 fatty acids, urinary calcium/magnesium, vitamin B6, and FGF23. All QUS parameters increased across the tertiles of the pattern score. The study provides evidence of lower bone health in vegans compared to omnivores, additionally revealing a combination of nutrition-related biomarkers, which may contribute to bone health. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
MDPI
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
bone health
en_US
dc.subject
BUA
en_US
dc.subject
SOS
en_US
dc.subject
QUS
en_US
dc.subject
vegan
en_US
dc.subject
diet
en_US
dc.subject
biomarker
en_US
dc.subject
reduced rank regression
en_US
dc.subject
RRR
en_US
dc.title
Vegan Diet and Bone Health—Results from the Cross-Sectional RBVD Study
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2021-02-21
ethz.journal.title
Nutrients
ethz.journal.volume
13
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
2
en_US
ethz.pages.start
685
en_US
ethz.size
16 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Basel
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02701 - Inst.f. Lebensmittelwiss.,Ernährung,Ges. / Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health::03957 - Zimmermann, Michael Bruce / Zimmermann, Michael Bruce
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02701 - Inst.f. Lebensmittelwiss.,Ernährung,Ges. / Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health::03957 - Zimmermann, Michael Bruce / Zimmermann, Michael Bruce
ethz.date.deposited
2021-03-03T08:34:56Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-03-03T10:15:23Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T05:33:42Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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