Reducing the kyphosis effect of anterior short thoracolumbar/lumbar scoliosis correction with an autograft fulcrum effect
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Background Anterior scoliosis correction is a powerful technique with the disadvantage of a kyphotic effect on lumbar and thoracolumbar curves. We aimed to investigate whether a cognizant interposition of a rib graft anteriorly and at the concave side of the scoliotic curve causes significant fulcrum effect to enforce scoliosis correction and to reduce interfusional kyphosis in anterior scoliosis corrections. Methods Twenty otherwise comparable patients with lumbar and thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curves undergoing anterior short scoliosis correction with (n = 10) or without (n = 10, matched for age, gender and degree of deformity) fulcrum effect were retrospectively compared by means of radiographic measurements (sagittal and coronal profile, Cobb angles and intersegmental deformity correction angles) to evaluate the effect of this modified surgical technique. Results The overall amount of scoliosis correction was similar with 74 and 60% of initial curves of 57° and 53° in the case and control group respectively with a mean of 3 fused segments (4 screws). Statistically relevant differences were found for intersegmental coronal cobb angles at the apex of 20° to 3° and 17° to 9° with and without fulcrum, respectively (p < 0.05). Creation of kyphosis in the fused segments was reduced with an interfusional kyphotic sagittal cobb angle of 15° pre-operatively vs. 3° post-operatively compared to the control group (13° pre-operatively vs. 18° post-operatively), (p < 0.05). Conclusions Interfusional hyperkyphosis associated with anterior scoliosis correction for thoracolumbar/lumbar curves can be reduced with cognizant positioning of the bone autograft at the antero-lateral (concave) site in the intervertebral region to create a fulcrum effect. Show more
Journal / seriesBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Pages / Article No.
SubjectScoliosis; Kyphosis correction; Anterior scoliosis correction; Lumbar scoliosis; Thoracolumbar scoliosis; Kyphosis prevention
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