An Oxazetidine Amino Acid for Chemical Protein Synthesis by Rapid, Serine-Forming Ligations
- Journal Article
Amide-forming ligation reactions allow the chemical synthesis of proteins by the union of unprotected peptide segments, and enable the preparation of protein derivatives not accessible by expression or bioengineering approaches. The native chemical ligation (NCL) of thioesters and N-terminal cysteines is unquestionably the most successful approach, but is not ideal for all synthetic targets. Here we describe the synthesis of an Fmoc-protected oxazetidine amino acid for use in the α-ketoacid–hydroxylamine (KAHA) amide ligation. When incorporated at the N-terminus of a peptide segment, this four-membered cyclic hydroxylamine can be used for rapid serine-forming ligations with peptide α-ketoacids. This ligation operates at low concentration (100 μM–5 mM) and mild temperatures (20–25 °C). The utility of the reaction was demonstrated by the synthesis of S100A4, a 12 kDa calcium-binding protein not easily accessible by NCL or other amide-forming reactions due to its primary sequence and properties. Show more
Journal / seriesNature Chemistry
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Organisational unit03861 - Bode, Jeffrey W. / Bode, Jeffrey W.
150073 - Chemoselective Protein Ligation (SNF)
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