How did micro-mobility change in response to COVID-19 pandemic?
- Working Paper
Rights / licenseIn Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
The outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) brought an unprecedented global health crisis. In response to the pandemic of COVID-19, many countries and cities around the world adopted the lockdown policy, which has influenced people’s travel behavior as well as habits and customs. Micro-mobility, as one special type of human mobility, has attracted notable attention in recent studies, while little efforts have been devoted to understanding the changes of micro-mobility in response to COVID-19. In this study, we explore and analyze the changes of micro-mobility behavior before and during the lockdown period by conducting a case study in Zurich, Switzerland. Specifically, the changes of three types of micro-mobility services, namely docked bike, docked e-bike, and dockless e-bike, are considered and compared from the perspective of space, time and semantics. First, the spatial and temporal analysis results uncover that the number of trips decreased remarkably during the Lockdown period, and the striking difference between the Normal and Lockdown period is the decline in the peak hours of workdays. Second, the origin-destination flows of three types of micro-mobility services are used to construct spatially embedded networks. The spatial network analysis results suggest that the movements by micro-mobility services between the PLZs has not been interrupted completely during the Lockdown period, while the numbers of trips between the PLZs are definitely reduced due to COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, the semantic analysis is conducted to uncover the micro-mobility changes in terms of trip purpose. By comparing the proportions of each type of activity during the two periods, it is revealed that the proportions of Home, Park, and Grocery activities increase, while the proportions of Leisure and Shopping activities decrease during the lockdown period. This study can be beneficial for understanding micro-mobility changes in the context of the pandemic, and the implications with respect to urban planning and policy recommendations. Show more
Journal / seriesArbeitsberichte Verkehrs- und Raumplanung
PublisherIVT, ETH Zurich
Organisational unit03521 - Axhausen, Kay W. / Axhausen, Kay W.
02655 - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft D-ARCH
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Is previous version of: https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000500318
Is Documented by: https://hdl.handle.net/handle/20.500.11850/460847
Is Documented by: https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000458649
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