Outbreak of NDM-1+CTX-M-15+DHA-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae high-risk clone in Spain owing to an undetectable colonised patient from Pakistan
- Journal Article
Here we describe an outbreak due to NDM-1+CTX-M-15+DHA-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (NDM-1-Kp) in Spain related to a patient previously admitted to a healthcare centre in an endemic area (Pakistan). Nine colonised patients were detected in the Neurosurgery ward between September 2015 and February 2016 during the R-GNOSIS European Project. NDM-1-Kp isolates from clinical samples were also recovered in three of these patients. Surveillance culture at admission was negative in the index case, but NDM-1-Kp colonisation was detected 27 days later after receiving antibiotic treatment. Co-colonisation with a second NDM-1-Kp isolate was identified in this patient 61 days post-admission. Overall length of stay (LOS = 75 days) (P < 0.01) and LOS until carbapenemase detection (LOS-1 = 36 days) was longer in NDM-1-Kp carriers than in patients with other carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales. Intervention strategies were implemented after the outbreak declaration and NDM-1-Kp transmission was contained. Among the NDM-1-Kp isolates, two clones [ST437 (index case and Patient 2) and ST101 (index case and Patients 3-9)] with different IncFIB NDM-1-containing plasmids were identified. Whole-genome sequencing revealed a high content of antimicrobial resistance genes in both isolates in addition to a large number of virulence factors. Colonisation with other epidemic (OXA-48-ST11-K. pneumoniae and VIM-1-ST54-K. pneumoniae) and non-epidemic (VIM-1-ST908-K. pneumoniae and VIM-ST431-Escherichia coli) clones was also detected in two NDM-1 carriers. Implementation of adequate infection control measures and uninterrupted active surveillance programmes for detecting patients with a low colonisation status are crucial to prevent the introduction and dissemination of NDM-type enzymes in our region. Show more
Journal / seriesInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Pages / Article No.
SubjectNDM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae; Outbreak; Surveillance culture; Clonal dissemination; Neurosurgery ward; Whole-genome sequencing
Organisational unit09497 - Hall, Alex / Hall, Alex
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