Whole genome sequence analysis of phage-resistant listeria monocytogenes serotype 1/2a strains from turkey processing plants
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacterial pathogen and the causative agent of listeriosis, a severe foodborne infection. L. monocytogenes is notorious for its ability to persist in food processing environments (FPEs) via a variety of adaptive traits. Even though traits such as cold tolerance, biofilm formation and sanitizer resistance have been extensively investigated for their roles in persistence of L. monocytogenes in FPEs, much less is known about resistance to bacteriophages. Previous studies explored phage resistance mechanisms in laboratory-created mutants but it is imperative to investigate phage resistance that is naturally exhibited in FPE-derived strains. Here, we integrated the analysis of whole genome sequence data from a panel of serotype 1/2a strains of sequence types 321 and 391 from turkey processing plants, with the determination of cell surface substituents required for phage adsorption and phage infection assays with the four wide-host-range phages A511, P100, 20422-1 and 805405-1. Using a specific set of recombinant phage protein probes, we discovered that phage-resistant strains lacked one or both of the serogroup 1/2-specific wall teichoic acid carbohydrate decorations, N-acetylglucosamine and rhamnose. Furthermore, these phage-resistant strains harbored substitutions in lmo1080, lmo1081, and lmo2550, which mediate carbohydrate decoration of the wall teichoic acids. Show more
Journal / seriesPathogens
Pages / Article No.
SubjectListeria; bacteriophage; phage resistance; whole genome sequencing; food processing plant; InlA; serotype 1/2a; wall teichoic acid
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