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dc.contributor.author
Garrett, Rachael D.
dc.contributor.author
Levy, Samuel A.
dc.contributor.author
Gollnow, Florian
dc.contributor.author
Hodel, Leonie
dc.contributor.author
Rueda, Ximena
dc.date.accessioned
2021-03-25T07:46:21Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-19T04:10:46Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-25T07:46:21Z
dc.date.issued
2021-03
dc.identifier.issn
1748-9326
dc.identifier.issn
1748-9318
dc.identifier.other
10.1088/1748-9326/abe0ed
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/475417
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000475417
dc.description.abstract
To address concerns about the negative impacts of food supply chains in forest regions, a growing number of companies have adopted policies to influence their suppliers' behaviors. With a focus on forest-risk food supply chains, we provide a systematic review of the conservation and livelihood outcomes of the mechanisms that companies use to implement their forest-focused supply chain policies (FSPs)—certifications, codes of conduct, and market exclusion mechanisms. More than half of the 37 cases that rigorously measure the outcomes of FSP implementation mechanisms find additional conservation and livelihood benefits resulting from the policies. Positive livelihood outcomes are more common than conservation additionality and most often pertain to improvements in farm income through increases in crop yields on coffee and cocoa farms that have adopted certifications or codes of conduct. However, in some cases certifications lead to a reduction in net household income as farmers increasingly specialize in the certified commodity and spend more on food purchases. Among the five cases that examine conservation and livelihoods simultaneously, there is no evidence of tradeoffs or synergies—most often an improvement in one type of outcome is associated with no change in the other. Interactions with public conservation and agricultural policies influence the conservation gains achieved by all mechanisms, while the marketing attributes of cooperatives and buying companies play a large role in determining the livelihood outcomes associated with certification. Compliance with the forest requirements of FSP implementation mechanisms is high, but challenges to geospatial monitoring and land use related selection biases limit the overall benefits of these policies. Given the highly variable methods and limited evidence base, additional rigorous research across a greater variety of contexts is urgently needed to better understand if and when FSPs can be successful in achieving synergies between conservation and livelihoods.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Institute of Physics
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
private environmental governance
en_US
dc.subject
certification
en_US
dc.subject
rural development
en_US
dc.subject
implementation
en_US
dc.subject
enabling factors
en_US
dc.subject
zero-deforestation commitments
en_US
dc.title
Have food supply chain policies improved forest conservation and rural livelihoods? A systematic review
en_US
dc.type
Review Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2021-02-22
ethz.journal.title
Environmental Research Letters
ethz.journal.volume
16
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
3
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Environ. Res. Lett.
ethz.pages.start
033002
en_US
ethz.size
18 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Bristol
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02723 - Institut für Umweltentscheidungen / Institute for Environmental Decisions::09659 - Garrett, Rachael / Garrett, Rachael
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02723 - Institut für Umweltentscheidungen / Institute for Environmental Decisions::09659 - Garrett, Rachael / Garrett, Rachael
ethz.date.deposited
2021-03-19T04:10:50Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-03-25T07:46:34Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T05:58:39Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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