- Conference Paper
Neural networks (NNs) are known as universal function approximators and are excellent interpolators of nonlinear functions between observed data points. However, when the target domain for deployment shifts from the training domain and NNs must extrapolate, the results are notoriously poor. Prior work  has shown that NN uncertainty estimates can be used to correct binary predictions in shifted domains without retraining the model. We hypothesize that this approach can be extended to correct real-valued time series predictions. As an exemplar, we consider two mechanical systems with nonlinear dynamics. The first system consists of a spring-mass system where the stiffness changes abruptly, and the second is a real experimental system with a frictional joint that is an open challenge for structural dynamicists to model efficiently. Our experiments will test whether 1) NN uncertainty estimates can identify when the input domain has shifted from the training domain and 2) whether the information used to calculate uncertainty estimates can be used to correct the NN’s time series predictions. Success of the proposed technique would unleash the potential of previously underutilized latent features already present in trained NNs and enable the deployment of these models in structural health monitoring systems that directly impact public safety. Show more
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03890 - Chatzi, Eleni / Chatzi, Eleni
NotesConference lecture held on December 11, 2020. Due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) the conference was conducted virtually.
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