A Power-Efficient Fractional-N DPLL with Phase Error Quantized in Fully Differential-Voltage Domain
- Journal Article
This article presents a power-efficient low-jitter fractional-N digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) that resolves phase error (PE) in the fully differential voltage (FDV) domain. Compared with adopting a traditional time-to-digital converter (TDC), which relies on gate delay in the time domain, power-efficient quantization of PE by the proposed conversion scheme in the FDV domain can be accomplished with a higher power-supply/common-mode rejection ratio (PSRR/CMRR), lower process, voltage, and temperature (PVT) sensitivity, finer resolution, and better linearity. The implemented DPLL covers the fractional-N operation by a 10-bit differential current digital-to-analog converter (DAC) with a resistive load to represent the fractional phase/time. A differential dv/dt ramp is employed to linearly transfer the preset initial voltage into a small phase/voltage error, which is digitized by a narrow-range fine-resolution 7-bit self-timed successive-approximation-register analog-to-digital converter (SAR-ADC). The prototype DPLL, implemented in 130-nm CMOS, achieves 101-fs rms jitter, integrated from 10 kHz to 40 MHz, in the fractional-N mode with sub-12-bit fractional-frequency-control words, using an 80-MHz reference clock (REF), consuming 9.2 mW. This corresponds to a figure of merit (FoM) of -250.3 dB. The measured worst case fractional spur level is -56 dBc. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Pages / Article No.
SubjectAnalog-to-digital converter (ADC); differential; digital controlled oscillator (DCO); digital phase-locked loop (PLL); fractional-N; frequency synthesizer; low jitter; ramp generation; sampling; time-to-digital converter (TDC); voltage domain
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