Fully coupled dynamic simulations of bioprosthetic aortic valves based on an embedded strategy for fluid–structure interaction with contact
- Journal Article
Aims This work aims at presenting a fully coupled approach for the numerical solution of contact problems between multiple elastic structures immersed in a fluid flow. The key features of the computational model are (i) a fully coupled fluid–structure interaction with contact, (ii) the use of a fibre-reinforced material for the leaflets, (iii) a stent, and (iv) a compliant aortic root. Methods and results The computational model takes inspiration from the immersed boundary techniques and allows the numerical simulation of the blood–tissue interaction of bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs) as well as the contact among the leaflets. First, we present pure mechanical simulations, where blood is neglected, to assess the performance of different material properties and valve designs. Secondly, fully coupled fluid–structure interaction simulations are employed to analyse the combination of haemodynamic and mechanical characteristics. The isotropic leaflet tissue experiences high-stress values compared to the fibre-reinforced material model. Moreover, elongated leaflets show a stress concentration close to the base of the stent. We observe a fully developed flow at the systolic stage of the heartbeat. On the other hand, flow recirculation appears along the aortic wall during diastole. Conclusion The presented FSI approach can be used for analysing the mechanical and haemodynamic performance of a BHV. Our study suggests that stresses concentrate in the regions where leaflets are attached to the stent and in the portion of the aortic root where the BHV is placed. The results from this study may inspire new BHV designs that can provide a better stress distribution. Show more
Journal / seriesEuropace
Pages / Article No.
PublisherOxford University Press
SubjectFluid–structure interaction; Embedded methods; Bio-prosthetic heart valves; Haemodynamic and mechanical performance
MoreShow all metadata