- Journal Article
Diffractometric biosensing is a promising technology to overcome critical limitations of refractometric biosensors, the dominant class of label-free optical transducers. These limitations manifest themselves by higher noise and drifts due to insufficient rejection of refractive index fluctuations caused by variation in temperature, solvent concentration, and, most prominently, nonspecific binding. Diffractometric biosensors overcome these limitations with inherent self-referencing on the submicron scale with no compromise on resolution. Despite this highly promising attribute, the field of diffractometric biosensors has only received limited recognition. A major reason is the lack of a general quantitative analysis. This hinders comparison to other techniques and amongst different diffractometric biosensors. For refractometric biosensors, on the other hand, such a comparison is possible by means of the refractive index unit (RIU). In this paper, we suggest the coherent surface mass density, Γcoh, as a quantity for label-free diffractometric biosensors with the same purpose as the RIU in refractometric sensors. It is easy to translate Γcoh to the total surface mass density Γtot , which is an important parameter for many assays. We provide a generalized framework to determine Γcoh for various diffractometric biosensing arrangements that enables quantitative comparison. Additionally, the formalism can be used to estimate background scattering in order to further optimize sensor configurations. Finally, a practical guide with important experimental considerations is given to enable readers of any background to apply the theory. Therefore, this paper provides a powerful tool for the development of diffractometric biosensors and will help the field to mature and unveil its full potential. © 2021 American Physical Society Show more
Journal / seriesPhysical Review Applied
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
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