- Journal Article
Exoplanet transit-timing variations (TTVs) caused by gravitational forces between planets can be used to determine planetary masses and orbital parameters. Most of the observed TTVs are small and sinusoidal in time, leading to degeneracies between the masses and orbital parameters. Here we report a TTV analysis of Kepler-90g and Kepler-90h, which exhibit large TTVs up to 25 hr. With optimization, we find a unique solution that allows us to constrain all of the orbital parameters. The best-fit masses for Kepler-90g and 90h are 15.0-0.8+0.9 M ⊕ (Earth mass) and 203-5+5M⊕, respectively, with Kepler-90g having an unusually low apparent density of 0.15 ± 0.05 g cm-3. The uniqueness of orbital parameter solution enables a long-term dynamical integration, which reveals that although their periods are close to 2:3 orbital resonance, they are not locked in resonance, and the configuration is stable over billions of years. The dynamical history of the system suggests that planet interactions are able to raise the eccentricities and break the resonant lock after the initial formation. Show more
Journal / seriesThe Astronomical Journal
Pages / Article No.
PublisherInstitute of Physics
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