The quantitative influence of current treatment options on patellofemoral stability in patients with trochlear dysplasia and symptomatic patellofemoral instability - a finite element simulation
- Journal Article
Background Trochlear dysplasia is highly associated with patellofemoral instability. The goal of conservative and surgical treatment is to stabilize the patella while minimizing adverse effects. However, there is no literature investigating the quantitative influence of different treatment options on patellofemoral stability in knees with trochlear dysplasia. We created and exploited a range of finite element models to address this gap in knowledge. Methods MRI data of 5 knees with trochlear dysplasia and symptomatic patellofemoral instability were adapted into this previously established model. Vastus medialis obliquus strengthening as well as double-bundle medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and the combination of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and trochleoplasty were simulated. The force necessary to dislocate the patella by 10 mm and fully dislocate the patella was calculated in different flexion angles. Findings Our model predicts a significant increase of patellofemoral stability at the investigated flexion angles (0°-45°) for a dislocation of 10 mm and a full dislocation after medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and the combination of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and trochleoplasty compared to trochleodysplastic (P = 0.01) and healthy knees (P = 0.01–0.02). Vastus medialis obliquus strengthening has a negligible effect on patellofemoral stability. Interpretations This is the first objective quantitative biomechanical evidence supporting the place of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction combined with trochleoplasty in patients with symptomatic patellofemoral instability and trochlear dysplasia type B. Vastus medialis obliquus strengthening has a negligible effect on patellar stability at a low total quadriceps load of 175 N. Show more
Journal / seriesClinical Biomechanics
Pages / Article No.
SubjectTrochleoplasty; Patellofemoral instability; Finite element; Trochlear dysplasia; MPFL reconstruction; Quadriceps strengthening
Organisational unit03822 - Snedeker, Jess G. / Snedeker, Jess G.
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