Further Investigations of Racemic and Chiral Molecular Sieves of the STW Topology
- Journal Article
Large single crystals of pure-silica STW-type molecular sieves are prepared using 1,2,3,4,5-pentamethylimidazolium (12345PMI) and 2-ethyl-1,3,4-trimethylimidazolium (2E134TMI) as organic structure-directing agents (OSDAs) and α-amino acid additives. The effects of the amount and type of amino acid on the crystallization of pure-silica STW materials are investigated. Room-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffractometry shows that 12345PMI better fits the STW cage than 2E134TMI and is fully consistent with computed simulations. The synthesis of an enantioenriched R-STW-type molecular sieve having a Si/Ge ratio of 2.2 is achieved using a chiral, dicationic OSDA that contains two stereocenters. The conformation of the chiral OSDA in the chiral framework has been obtained from a Rietveld refinement using synchrotron powder diffraction data and is the first structure refinement of an enantioenriched, inorganic molecular sieve prepared from a pure, asymmetric OSDA. Show more
Journal / seriesChemistry of Materials
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
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