- Review Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
A common developmental process, called branching morphogenesis, generates the epithelial trees in a variety of organs, including the lungs, kidneys, and glands. How branching morphogenesis can create epithelial architectures of very different shapes and functions remains elusive. In this review, we compare branching morphogenesis and its regulation in lungs and kidneys and discuss the role of signaling pathways, the mesenchyme, the extracellular matrix, and the cytoskeleton as potential organ-specific determinants of branch position, orientation, and shape. Identifying the determinants of branch and organ shape and their adaptation in different organs may reveal how a highly conserved developmental process can be adapted to different structural and functional frameworks and should provide important insights into epithelial morphogenesis and developmental disorders. Show more
Journal / seriesFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Pages / Article No.
SubjectBranching morphogenesis; Lung; Kidney; Branche distance; Branch angle; Branch shape; Turing pattern; Tissue mechanics
Organisational unit03791 - Iber, Dagmar / Iber, Dagmar
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