Influence of Lipidation on the Folding and Stability of Collagen Triple Helices—An Experimental and Theoretical Study
- Journal Article
The folding of triple-helical collagen, the most abundant protein in nature, relies on the nucleation and propagation along the strands. Hydrophobic moieties are crucial for the folding and stability of numerous proteins. Instead, nature uses for collagen a trimerization domain and cis-trans prolyl isomerases to facilitate and accelerate triple helix formation. Yet, pendant hydrophobic moieties endow triple-helical collagen with hyperstability and accelerate the cis-trans isomerization to an extent that thermally induced unfolding and folding of collagen triple helices take place at the same speed. Here, we systematically explored the effect of pendant fatty acids on the folding and stability of collagen triple helices. Thermal denaturation and kinetic studies with a series of collagen mimetic peptides (CMPs) bearing saturated and unsaturated fatty acids with different lengths revealed that longer and more flexible fatty acid appendages increase the stability and the folding rate of collagen triple helices. Molecular dynamics simulations combined with experimental data indicate that the hydrophobic appendages stabilize the triple helix by interaction with the grooves of the collagen triple helix and accelerate the folding and unfolding process by creating a molten globule-like intermediate. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of the American Chemical Society
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Organisational unit09458 - Riniker, Sereina Z. / Riniker, Sereina Z.
03940 - Wennemers, Helma / Wennemers, Helma
178805 - Synthetic Collagen (Fortsetzung) (SNF)
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