- Journal Article
This study describes the design, development, and testing of a miniature fast response aerodynamic probe (FRAP) with four sensors (4S), which are able to perform measurements in the unsteady three-dimensional flow field. Moreover, the calibration and first results with the newly developed probe are provided. The miniature FRAP-4S demonstrates a 3 mm tip diameter, offering a 25% reduction in diameter size, in comparison to a first-generation FRAP-4S, without any loss in terms of measurement bandwidth. The 3 mm outer casing of the probe is additively manufactured with a high-precision binder jetting technique. In terms of aerodynamic performance, the probe demonstrates high angular sensitivity up to ±18 deg incidence angle in both directions. To evaluate the measurement accuracy of the newly developed FRAP-4S, measurements are performed at the Laboratory for Energy Conversion (LEC) in both a round axisymmetric jet and an one-and-a-half stage, unshrouded and highly loaded axial turbine configuration. Turbulence measurements performed with the miniature FRAP-4S are compared against hot-wire studies in round freejets found in the literature. Good agreement in both trends but also absolute values is demonstrated. Moreover, the performance of the probe is compared against traditional instrumentation developed at LEC, namely, miniature pneumatic and FRAP-2S probes. The results indicate that the FRAP-4S, despite its larger size in comparison to the other probes tested, can resolve the main flow patterns, with the highest deviations occuring in the presence of highly skewed and sheared flow. Furthermore, the additively manufactured probe was proven to be robust after more than 50 hours of testing in the representative turbine environment configuration. Finally, it should be highlighted that the newly developed FRAP reduces measurement time by a factor of three in comparison to FRAP-2S, which directly translates to reduced development time and thus cost during the turbomachinery development phase. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Turbomachinery
Pages / Article No.
Subjectfast response aerodynamic probes; FRAP; multisensor pressure probe; Additive manufacturing; Unsteady flows; Measurement techniques; High-pressure turbine; Turbulence measurements; Turbine blade and measurement advancements
NotesPaper No: TURBO-20-1339
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