Cyclic testing of 1:40 scale cantilever RC elements with digitally manufactured reinforcement
- Conference Paper
Rights / licenseIn Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
Time history analysis is considered as the state-of-the-art in modeling of the seismic response of RC structures. Its validation involves predicting the response of an RC structure tested on a shaking table. However, blind prediction contests show that most contestants fail to predict the seismic response of the tested specimens. Given that numerical models are able to accu-rately capture the behavior of RC members at a component level, we can conclude that a large part of the error sources from the assumptions made to pass from component level to system level, i.e. assumptions related to damping formulation, component interaction, bound-ary conditions etc. In parallel, the prediction of the response of a structure subjected to a sin-gle ground motion has been proven to be too strict of a validation procedure. Oftentimes, a statistical approach involving many specimens and ground motions is necessary. Such an ap-proach is clearly only feasible at a very small scale. At such scales, the reinforcement fabri-cation and positioning become major issues. We propose to use additive manufacturing technology to digitally fabricate the reinforcement cage necessary for the micro RC element. This paper presents the results from cyclic tests on 1:40 scale RC cantilever columns. The re-inforcing cages were manufactured using a Selective Laser Melting 3D printer that was able to print rebars with submillimeter diameter and yield strength 378MPa. Two different micro-concrete mixtures were used based on cement and gypsum. Each sample was reinforced with 18 longitudinal rebars of 0.6mm diameter, and 0.35mm stirrups with 2.5mm of spacing. The cyclic behavior of the columns closely resembles the behavior of full-scale columns indicating that such small-scale specimens can be used of the statistical validation of global level as-sumptions that numerical models make. Show more
Pages / Article No.
Subject3D printing; physical modeling; earthquake engineering; Cyclic testing; Reinforced concrete
Organisational unit09663 - Vassiliou, Michalis / Vassiliou, Michalis
NotesConference lecture held on June 30, 2021.
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