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dc.contributor.author
Meier, Ronny
dc.contributor.author
Schwaab, Jonas
dc.contributor.author
Seneviratne, Sonia I.
dc.contributor.author
Sprenger, Michael
dc.contributor.author
Lewis, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.author
Davin, Edouard Léopold
dc.date.accessioned
2022-01-10T08:30:47Z
dc.date.available
2021-07-06T17:18:08Z
dc.date.available
2021-07-07T05:59:09Z
dc.date.available
2022-01-10T08:30:47Z
dc.date.issued
2021-07
dc.identifier.issn
1752-0908
dc.identifier.issn
1752-0894
dc.identifier.other
10.1038/s41561-021-00773-6
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/493339
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000493339
dc.description.abstract
Land-cover changes can affect the climate by altering the water and energy balance of the land surface. Numerous modelling studies have indicated that alterations at the land surface can result in considerable changes in precipitation. Yet land-cover-induced precipitation changes remain largely unconstrained by observations. Here we use an observation-based continental-scale statistical model to show that forestation of rain-fed agricultural land in Europe triggers substantial changes in precipitation. Locally, we find an increase in precipitation following forestation, in particular in winter, which is supported by a paired rain-gauge analysis. In addition, forests are estimated to increase downwind precipitation in most regions during summer. By contrast, the downwind effect in winter is positive in coastal areas but near neutral and negative in Continental and Northern Europe, respectively. The combined local and non-local effects of a realistic reforestation scenario, constrained by sustainability safeguards, are estimated to increase summer precipitation by 7.6 ± 6.7% on average over Europe (0.13 ± 0.11 mm d–1), potentially offsetting a substantial part of the projected precipitation decrease from climate change. We therefore conclude that land-cover-induced alterations of precipitation should be considered when developing land management strategies for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Nature Publishing Group
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Land cover and land use
en_US
dc.subject
Precipitation
en_US
dc.subject
Hydrology
en_US
dc.subject
Climate change
en_US
dc.subject
Europe
en_US
dc.title
Empirical Estimate of Forestation-Induced Precipitation Changes in Europe
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
dc.date.published
2021-07-05
ethz.journal.title
Nature Geoscience
ethz.journal.volume
14
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Nat. Geosci.
ethz.pages.start
473
en_US
ethz.pages.end
478
en_US
ethz.size
20 p. accepted version, 24 p. supplementary material
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
acceptedVersion
en_US
ethz.grant
CLimate IMPacts of Utilizing Land in Switzerland and Europe (CLIMPULSE)
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
London
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03778 - Seneviratne, Sonia / Seneviratne, Sonia
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03854 - Wernli, Johann Heinrich / Wernli, Johann Heinrich
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03778 - Seneviratne, Sonia / Seneviratne, Sonia
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02717 - Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima / Inst. Atmospheric and Climate Science::03854 - Wernli, Johann Heinrich / Wernli, Johann Heinrich
ethz.grant.agreementno
172715
ethz.grant.fundername
SNF
ethz.grant.funderDoi
10.13039/501100001711
ethz.grant.program
Projektförderung in Mathematik, Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften (Abteilung II)
ethz.relation.isSupplementedBy
10.3929/ethz-b-000448232
ethz.date.deposited
2021-07-06T17:18:14Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.date.embargoend
2022-01-05
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2021-07-07T05:59:49Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-07-07T05:59:49Z
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true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
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