- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
This letter presents the modeling, system identification and nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) design for longitudinal, full envelope velocity control of a small tiltwing hybrid unmanned aerial vehicle (H-UAV). A first-principles based dynamics model is derived and identified from flight data. It captures important aerodynamic effects including propeller-wing interaction and stalled airfoils, but is still simple enough for on-board online trajectory optimization. Based on this model, a high-level NMPC is formulated which optimizes throttle, tilt-rate and pitch-angle setpoints in order to track longitudinal velocity trajectories. We propose and investigate different references suitable to regularize the optimization problem, including both offline generated trims as well as preceding NMPC solutions. In simulation, we compare the NMPC with a frequently reported dynamic inversion approach for H-UAV velocity control. Finally, the NMPC is validated in flight experiments through a series of transition maneuvers, demonstrating good tracking capabilities in the full flight envelope. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Pages / Article No.
SubjectAerial Systems: Mechanics and control; dynamics; optimization and optimal control; hybrid UAV
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