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Investigations on spark pre-chamber ignition and subsequent turbulent jet main chamber ignition in a novel optically accessible test rig
- Journal Article
Turbulent jet ignition (TJI) is a promising strategy to ignite diluted air-fuel mixtures; this is usually generated by igniting a fraction of the mixture inside a small pre-chamber. Nevertheless, the processes that take place inside the pre-chamber, as well as the injection of the turbulent jet into the main chamber and its subsequent re-ignition are not fully understood. The current work presents an experimental investigation that studies the effects of the nozzle size, turbulence level, and air-fuel mixture on the pre-chamber ignition and main chamber re-ignition and combustion. To accomplish this, a series of experiments have been carried out under different boundary conditions. To understand the phenomena taking place in the pre- and main chamber, two different approaches were taken: On one hand, (1) pressure-based diagnostics were applied by fitting a pressure sensor in each of the chambers. This was done to trace the pressure evolution during the whole combustion event and to calculate the heat-release. On the other hand, (2) optical diagnostics were setup on both combustion chambers, using dual schlieren setups synchronized at the same frame rate. The optically accessible test rig and the combination of schlieren in the pre-chamber (PC) & main-chamber (MC) allows to visualize the ignition, flame propagation, quenching mechanisms and re-ignition under a wide range of boundary conditions. This combined with the pressure traces and heat-release give a full understanding of the ignition and combustion processes. Higher turbulence levels and equivalence ratios increase the propagation of the flame front and the peak pressure in the pre-chamber. The resulting higher nozzle-exit velocities lead, on one hand, to faster mixing and therefore to a larger portion of main chamber fuel within the jet, which decrease the main chamber combustion duration. On the other hand, to high quenching and longer re-ignition times, which show the adverse effect. Show more
Journal / seriesInternational Journal of Engine Research
SubjectPre-chamber; schlieren; turbulent jet ignition; methane; spark ignition; internal combustion engine; lean-burn
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