- Journal Article
Polymeric ionogels, cross-linked gels swollen by ionic liquids (ILs), are useful vehicles for the release and storage of molecular solutes in separation, delivery, and other applications. Although rapid solute diffusion is often critical for performance, it remains challenging to predict diffusivities across multidimensional composition spaces. Recently, we showed that water (a neutral solute) diffuses through alkyl-methylimidazolium halide ILs by hopping between hydrogen bonding sites on relatively immobile cations. Here, we expand on this activated hopping mechanism in two significant ways. First, we demonstrate that water diffuses through poly(ethylene glycol)diacrylate ionogels via the same mechanism at a reduced rate. Second, we hypothesize that the activation energy barrier can be determined from relatively simple H-1 NMR chemical shift measurements of the proton responsible for H-bonding. This relationship enables water's diffusivity in ionogels of this class to be predicted quantitatively, requiring only (1) the composition-dependent diffusivity and Arrhenius behavior of a single IL and (2) H-1 NMR spectra of the ionogels of interest. High-throughput microfluidic Fabry-Perot interferometry measurements verify prediction accuracy across a broad formulation space (four ILs, 0 <= x(H2O) <= 0.7, 0 = phi(PEGDA) <= 0.66). The predictive model may expedite IL-material screening; moreover, it intimates a powerful connection between solute mobility and hydrogen bonding and suggests targets for rational design. Show more
Journal / seriesThe Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Organisational unit09482 - Vermant, Jan / Vermant, Jan
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