- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
A set of topological arrangements of individual ferromagnetic islands in ideal and disordered artificial spin ice (ASI) arrays is investigated in order to evaluate how aspects of their field-driven reversal are affected by the model used. The set contains the pinwheel and square ice tilings, and thus a range of magnetic ordering and reversal properties are tested. It is found that a simple point dipole model performs relatively well for square ice, but it does not replicate the properties observed in recent experiments with pinwheel ice. Parameterization of the reversal barrier in a Stoner-Wohlfarth model improves upon this, but fails to capture aspects of the physics offerromagnetic coupling observed in pinwheel structures which have been attributed to the non-Ising nature of the islands. In particular, spin canting is found to be important in pinwheel arrays, but not in square ones, due to their different symmetries. The authors' findings will improve the modeling of ASI structures for fundamental research and in applications which are reliant upon the ability to obtain and switch through known states using an externally applied field. Show more
Journal / seriesAdvanced Theory and Simulations
Pages / Article No.
Subjectartificial pinwheel spin ice; artificial square spin ice; avalanche; disorder; field-driven reversal
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