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The Functionally Grading Elastic and Viscoelastic Properties of the Body Region of the Knee Meniscus
- Journal Article
The knee meniscus is a highly porous structure which exhibits a grading architecture through the depth of the tissue. The superficial layers on both femoral and tibial sides are constituted by a fine mesh of randomly distributed collagen fibers while the internal layer is constituted by a network of collagen channels of a mean size of 22.14 mu m aligned at a 30 degrees inclination with respect to the vertical. Horizontal dog-bone samples extracted from different depths of the tissue were mechanically tested in uniaxial tension to examine the variation of elastic and viscoelastic properties across the meniscus. The tests show that a random alignment of the collagen fibers in the superficial layers leads to stiffer mechanical responses (E = 105 and 189 MPa) in comparison to the internal regions (E = 34 MPa). All regions exhibit two modes of relaxation at a constant strain (tau(1)=6.4 to 7.7 s, tau(2)= 49.9 to 59.7 s). Show more
Journal / seriesAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
SubjectKnee meniscus; Grading mechanical properties; Mechanical testing
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