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In situ electrostatic control of two-dimensional superconductivity1 is commonly limited due to large charge carrier densities, and gate-defined Josephson junctions are therefore rare2,3. Magic-angle twisted bilayer graphene (MATBG)4,5,6,7,8 has recently emerged as a versatile platform that combines metallic, superconducting, magnetic and insulating phases in a single crystal9,10,11,12,13,14. Although MATBG appears to be an ideal two-dimensional platform for gate-tunable superconductivity9,11,13, progress towards practical implementations has been hindered by the need for well-defined gated regions. Here we use multilayer gate technology to create a device based on two distinct phases in adjustable regions of MATBG. We electrostatically define the superconducting and insulating regions of a Josephson junction and observe tunable d.c. and a.c. Josephson effects15,16. The ability to tune the superconducting state within a single material circumvents interface and fabrication challenges, which are common in multimaterial nanostructures. This work is an initial step towards devices where gate-defined correlated states are connected in single-crystal nanostructures. We envision applications in superconducting electronics17,18 and quantum information technology19,20. Show more
Journal / seriesNature Nanotechnology
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
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