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Date

2021-07Type

- Report

ETH Bibliography

yes
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Abstract

This paper considers a Monte-Carlo Nystrom method for solving integral equations of the second kind, whereby the values (z(yi))1⩽i⩽N of the solution z at a set of N random and independent points (yi)1⩽i⩽N are approximated by the solution (zN,i)1⩽i⩽N of a discrete, N-dimensional linear system obtained by replacing the integral with the empirical average over the samples (yi)1⩽i⩽N. Under the unique assumption that the integral equation admits a unique solution z(y), we prove the invertibility of the linear system for sufficiently large N with probability one, and the convergence of the solution (zN,i)1⩽i⩽N towards the point values (z(yi))1⩽i⩽N in a mean-square sense at a rate O(N−12). For particular choices of kernels, the discrete linear system arises as the Foldy-Lax approximation for the scattered field generated by a system of N sources emitting waves at the points (yi)1⩽i⩽N. In this context, our result can equivalently be considered as a proof of the well-posedness of the Foldy-Lax approximation for systems of N point scatterers, and of its convergence as N→+∞ in a mean-square sense to the solution of a Lippmann-Schwinger equation characterizing the effective medium. The convergence of Monte-Carlo solutions at the rate O(N−1/2) is numerically illustrated on 1D examples and for solving a 2D Lippmann-Schwinger equation. Show more

Publication status

publishedExternal links

Journal / series

SAM Research ReportVolume

Publisher

Seminar for Applied Mathematics, ETH ZurichSubject

Monte-Carlo method; Nystrom method; Foldy-Lax approximation; Point scatterers; Effective mediumOrganisational unit

09504 - Ammari, Habib / Ammari, Habib
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