Quantitative myocardial first-pass perfusion imaging of CO2-induced vasodilation in rats
- Journal Article
Inducible hypercapnia is an alternative for increasing the coronary blood flow necessary to facilitate the quantification of myocardial blood flow during hyperemia. The current study aimed to quantify the pharmacokinetic effect of a CO2 gas challenge on myocardial perfusion in rats using high-resolution, first-pass perfusion CMR and compared it with pharmacologically induced hyperemia using regadenoson. A dual-contrast, saturation-recovery, gradient-echo sequence with a Cartesian readout was used on a small-animal 9.4-T scanner; additional cine images during hyperemia/rest were recorded with an ultrashort echo time sequence. The mean myocardial blood flow value at rest was 6.1 +/- 1.4 versus 13.9 +/- 3.7 and 14.3 +/- 4 mL/g/min during vasodilation with hypercapnia and regadenoson, respectively. Accordingly, the myocardial flow reserve value was 2.6 +/- 1.1 for the gas challenge and 2.5 +/- 1.4 for regadenoson. During hyperemia with both protocols, a significantly increased cardiac output was found. It was concluded that hypercapnia leads to significantly increased coronary flow and yields similar myocardial flow reserves in healthy rats as compared with pharmacological stimulation. Accordingly, inducible hypercapnia can be selected as an alternative stressor in CMR studies of myocardial blood flow in small animals. Show more
Journal / seriesNMR in Biomedicine
Pages / Article No.
Subjectaccelerated cardiac MRI; hypercapnia; myocardial perfusion
Organisational unit09548 - Kozerke, Sebastian / Kozerke, Sebastian
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