Efficient Approach for Atmospheric Phase Screen Mitigation in Time Series of Terrestrial Radar Interferometry Data Applied to Measure Glacier Velocity
- Journal Article
The accuracy of surface displacements measured by differential radar interferometry is significantly degraded by the atmospheric phase screen (APS). This article presents a practical and efficient approach for APS mitigation based on the coherent pixels technique (CPT) displacement velocity estimation algorithm. In the proposed approach, all motionless coherent pixels closest to the moving area are defined as seeds surrounding the moving area at the integration step of the CPT. This arrangement consequently minimizes the integration path and the APS effect in the final velocity result. It is designed for terrestrial radar interferometry (TRI) applications. A piecewise processing chain is further introduced as a continuous operational mode processing framework to derive arbitrary temporal displacement patterns in this work. Three-day datasets measured by Ku-band TRI over a mountainous region in the canton of Valais, Switzerland, were used for validation. Through this validation, a comparative study of five algorithms was carried out. This evaluation showed the efficiency of the proposed approach. The proposed approach does not require phase unwrapping, kriging interpolation, and spatio-temporal covariance inference for APS mitigation, which is appropriate for continuous TRI operation. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Pages / Article No.
SubjectAtmospheric phase screen (APS); glacier; ground-based radar interferometry; radar interferometry; terrestrial radar interferometry
Organisational unit03849 - Hajnsek, Irena / Hajnsek, Irena
08704 - SAR Tomographie und PSI Deformationsb.
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