Investigating the drought-prone biological interplay of soil microbial communities and Scots pine trees
- Other Conference Item
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
In forest ecosystems, microorganisms hold key functions as nutrient cyclers, decomposers, plant symbionts or pathogens and thereby regulate biogeochemical processes and forest health. These microbial dynamics are controlled by water availability in three fundamental ways: as resource, as solvent, and as transport medium. For one of the dominant tree species in Swiss forests - Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) - high mortality rates have been observed in recent decades. In the Rhone valley of Switzerland, forest dieback appears to be primarily caused by direct effects of drought and an increasing susceptibility of trees to further constraints, such as pathogen attacks. Nonetheless, water limitation does not affect soil microbes and trees separately but rather induces a series of interconnected effects between trees and the associated soil microbiome, which could strongly alter carbon and nutrient cycling in forests. We conduct a study to investigate the effects of drought on the biological interplay between Scots pine trees and soil microbial communities. We aim to estimate how shifts in microbial community composition and functional capacity under drought may affect nutrient cycling and tree vitality potentially contributing to tree mortality. In order to understand these mechanisms, we perform greenhouse experiments with tree-soil mesocosms under controlled conditions. State-of-the art molecular methods such as metabarcoding of ribosomal markers, shotgun metagenome sequencing, and qPCR of key functional genes are used to unravel alterations in the soil microbiome and in the underlying functional metabolic potential related to drought and associated tree-mortality. Furthermore, to elucidate the impact of drought on microbial carbon dynamics, stable isotope labelling techniques have been applied to trace 13C labeled plant photosynthates into the soil microbial communities by analyzing 13C signatures of phospholipid fatty acids. Investigation of soil physicochemical properties and tree-vitality is done in parallel with the microbial assessments to understand the feedbacks on nutrient-cycling and the soil-tree continuum. The overarching aim of this study is to gain new insights into the complex relationships between soil, trees and microbes under drought. Show more
Journal / seriesEGUsphere
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03982 - Six, Johan / Six, Johan
180030 - When trees die: Understanding how plants and microbes interact and influence soil biogeochemical processes (SNF)
NotesvPICO presentation held on April 26, 2021.
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