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dc.contributor.author
Bosshard, Ennia
dc.contributor.author
Jalonen, Riina
dc.contributor.author
Kanchanarak, Tania
dc.contributor.author
Yuskianti, Vivi
dc.contributor.author
Tolentino, Enrique
dc.contributor.author
Warrier, Rekha R.
dc.contributor.author
Krishnan, Smitha
dc.contributor.author
Dzulkifli, Dzaeman
dc.contributor.author
Thomas, Evert
dc.contributor.author
Atkinson, Rachel
dc.contributor.author
Kettle, Chris J.
dc.date.accessioned
2022-01-16T10:49:45Z
dc.date.available
2021-11-30T03:49:57Z
dc.date.available
2022-01-16T10:49:45Z
dc.date.issued
2021-11
dc.identifier.issn
1424-2818
dc.identifier.other
10.3390/d13110575
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/517644
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000517644
dc.description.abstract
High-quality, suitably adapted tree seed at volume is a key component for the implementation and long-term success of forest landscape restoration (FLR). We analysed the tree seed systems in four Asian countries—the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and India—which have committed to restore in total over 47.5 million hectares of degraded lands by 2030. We assessed the national seed systems using an established indicator framework, literature review and expert surveys and interviews. Additionally, we surveyed 61 FLR practitioners about their challenges in acquiring seed to understand how the strengths and weaknesses identified at the national level were reflected in FLR projects on the ground. Identified key constraints common to the studied countries are (i) a mismatch between the growing demand for priority native species and the limited seed supply in terms of quantity and quality, (ii) lack of effective quality control for seed of native species and (iii) lack of information about the effects of climate change on native species to guide species selection and seed sourcing and to improve the resilience of restored ecosystems. We discuss options to strengthen seed systems for native tree species both in terms of quality and volume to enable them to effectively respond to the national FLR commitments and make recommendations on promising technical solutions.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
MDPI
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Philippines
en_US
dc.subject
Indonesia
en_US
dc.subject
Malaysia
en_US
dc.subject
India
en_US
dc.subject
tree seed supply
en_US
dc.subject
ecological restoration
en_US
dc.subject
genetic diversity
en_US
dc.subject
Forest genetic resources
en_US
dc.title
Are Tree Seed Systems for Forest Landscape Restoration Fit for Purpose? An Analysis of Four Asian Countries
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2021-11-10
ethz.journal.title
Diversity
ethz.journal.volume
13
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
11
en_US
ethz.pages.start
575
en_US
ethz.size
26 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Basel
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02722 - Institut für Terrestrische Oekosysteme / Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems::03723 - Ghazoul, Jaboury / Ghazoul, Jaboury
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02722 - Institut für Terrestrische Oekosysteme / Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems::03723 - Ghazoul, Jaboury / Ghazoul, Jaboury
ethz.date.deposited
2021-11-30T03:50:11Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2022-01-16T10:49:52Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-29T17:37:52Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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