- Conference Paper
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
Wood is known to swell substantially during moisture adsorption and shrink during desorption. These deformations may lead to wood damage in the form of cracking and disjoining of wooden components in e.g. floor or windows. Two swelling mechanisms may be distinguished: reversible swelling/shrinkage and moisture-induced shape memory effect. In the latter, wood is deformed in the wet state and afterward dried under maintained deformation, in order that wood retains its deformed shape even after the removal of the mechanical loading, called fixation. When wood is wetted again, it loses its fixation, partially regains its original shape, called recovery. These two mechanisms have their origin at the nanoscale and are modelled here using atomistic simulation and after upscaled to continuum level allowing finite element modelling. Hysteretic sorption and swelling are explained at nanoscale by the opening and closing of sorption sites in ad- and desorption, where in desorption water molecules preferentially remained bonded at sorption sites. The moisture-induced shape memory is explained by the moisture-induced activation of the interfaces between the reinforcing crystalline cellulose fibres and its matrix at nanoscale, referred to as a molecular switch. Our work aims to highlight that the understanding of sorption-induced reversible deformation and moisture-induced shape memory may play an important role in wood engineering and in building physics applications. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03806 - Carmeliet, Jan / Carmeliet, Jan
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