- Journal Article
Nanowires are often key ingredients of high-tech composite materials. The properties and performance of devices created using these, depend heavily on the structure and density of the embedded nanowires. Despite significant efforts, a process that can be adapted to different materials, compatible with current nanowire deposition methods, and that is able to control both variables simultaneously has not been achieved yet. In this work, we show that we can use low magnetic fields (80 mT) to manipulate nanowires by electrostatically coating them with super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in an aqueous solution. Monolayers, multilayers, and hierarchical structures of oriented nanowires were achieved in a highly ordered manner using vacuum filtration for two types of nanowires: silver and gold-coated titanium dioxide nanowires. The produced films were embedded in an elastomer, and the strain-dependent electrical properties of the resulting composites were investigated. The orientation of the assembly with respect to the tensile strain heavily impacts the performance of the composites. Composites containing nanowires perpendicular to the strain direction exhibit an extremely low gauge factor. On the other hand, when nanowires are arranged parallel to the strain direction, the composites have a high gauge factor. The possibility to orient nanowires during the processing steps is not only interesting for the shown strain sensing application but also expected to be useful in many other areas of material science. Show more
Journal / seriesACS Nano
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Subjectstretchable electronics; nanowire manipulation; magnetic manipulation; strain sensors; composites
Organisational unit03831 - Studart, André R. / Studart, André R.
160184 - Design and manufacturing of heterogeneous photonic composites for aerospace applications (SNF)
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