- Journal Article
Endoreplication, duplication of the nuclear genome without cell division, occurs in disease to drive morphologic growth, cell fate, and function. Despite its criticality, the metabolic underpinnings of disease-induced endoreplication and its link to morphologic growth are unknown. Heart disease is characterized by endoreplication preceding cardiac hypertrophy. We identify ATP synthase as a central control node and determinant of cardiac endoreplication and hypertrophy by rechanneling free mitochondrial ADP to methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1 L (MTHFD1L), a mitochondrial localized rate-limiting enzyme of formate and de novo nucleotide biosynthesis. Concomitant activation of the adenosine monophosphate–activated protein kinase (AMPK)–retinoblastoma protein (Rb)-E2F axis co-opts metabolic products of MTHFD1L function to support DNA endoreplication and pathologic growth. Gain- and loss-of-function studies in genetic and surgical mouse heart disease models and correlation in individuals confirm direct coupling of deregulated energetics with endoreplication and pathologic overgrowth. Together, we identify cardiometabolic endoreplication as a hitherto unknown mechanism dictating pathologic growth progression in the failing myocardium. Show more
Journal / seriesScience Translational Medicine
Pages / Article No.
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
Organisational unit08839 - Zamboni, Nicola (Tit.-Prof.)
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