Can tibio-femoral kinematic and kinetic parameters reveal poor functionality and underlying deficits after total knee replacement? A systematic review
- Review Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Background Extensive efforts have been made to understand joint kinematics and kinetics in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in subjects with satisfactory outcomes during daily functional activities and clinical tests, but it remains unclear whether such movement characteristics hold the potential to indicate the underlying aetiology of unsatisfactory or bad TKA outcomes. Purpose To investigate which kinematic and kinetic parameters assessed during passive clinical tests and functional activities of daily living are associated with poor functionality and underlying deficits after total knee replacement. Methods We focused on studies characterizing the kinematic or kinetic parameters of the knee joint that are associated with poor clinical outcome after TKA. Seventeen articles were included for the review, and kinematic and kinetic data from 719 patients with minimal follow up of 6 months were extracted and analyzed. Results Passive posterior translation at 90° flexion exhibited good potential for differentiating stable and unstable TKAs. Anterior-posterior (A-P) translation of the medial condyle at 0–30° and 30–60° flexion, A-P translation of the lateral condyle at 60–90° during closed chain exercises, as well as knee extension moment during stair ascent and descent, knee abduction moment during stair descent, knee internal rotation moment and plantar flexion moment during walking, 2nd peak ground reaction force during stair ascent and walking showed the greatest promise as functional biomarkers for a dissatisfied/poor outcome knee after TKA. Conclusion In this study, we systematically reviewed the state-of-the-art knowledge of kinematics and kinetics associated with functional deficits, and found 11 biomechanical parameters that showed promise for supporting decision making in TKA. Show more
Journal / seriesThe Knee
Pages / Article No.
SubjectTKA; Kinematics; Kinetics; Poor outcomes; Instability; Pain
Organisational unit03994 - Taylor, William R. / Taylor, William R.
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