Positron annihilation in latex-templated macroporous silica films
Boilot, Jean Pierre
Pérez, Patrice A.
Barthe, Marie F.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
Depth profiling of positron annihilation characteristics has been used to investigate the pore size distribution in macroporous PMMA latex-templated SiO2 films deposited on glass or Si and prepared with 11–70% porosity. The correlation between the annihilation characteristics shows that ortho-positronium (o-Ps) escape (re-emission) into vacuum occurs in all films with a porosity threshold that is pore size dependent. For 60 ± 2% porosity, the o-Ps re-emission yield decreases from ~0.25 to ~0.11 as the pore size increases from 32 to 75 nm. The o-Ps re-emission yield is shown to vary linearly with the specific surface area per mass unit and the slope is independent of pore size, 9.1 ± 0.4 g cm−2. For 32 nm pores, the o-Ps annihilation lifetimes in the films, 17(2) ns and 106(5) ns, show that o-Ps annihilates from micropores with small effective size (1.4 ± 4 nm) and from macropores with large effective size (~32 nm). Above the porosity threshold, the o-Ps-escape model predicts the annihilation lifetime in the films to be 19 ± 2 ns. Our results imply that o-Ps efficiently detects the microporosity present in the silica walls. At low porosity, its capture into the micropores competes with its capture into the macropores. At higher porosity (when the distance between micropores and macropores becomes small), this capture into the micropores assists the capture into the macropores. Show more
Journal / seriesNew Journal of Physics
Pages / Article No.
PublisherInstitute of Physics
Organisational unit03503 - Rubbia, André / Rubbia, André
132059 - Testing antigravity with positronium (SNF)
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