Corrosion behaviour of point-by-point wire and arc additively manufactured steel bars
- Journal Article
Robot-assisted point-by-point wire and arc additive manufacturing is considered a promising technology for optimising the production of metallic connections used in complex nodes, space trusses or grid shells. While mechanical properties of such elements were proved suitable for structural applications, a lack of knowledge exists concerning their durability. We investigate the corrosion performance of low carbon steel bars produced by point-by-point wire and arc additive manufacturing. Metallurgical analyses show uniform microstructure along the length of the steel bars. Corrosion initiation tests in simulated atmospheric exposure reveal the influence of geometry on corrosion, in particular, the presence of concave areas. The surface state and postprinting cleaning processes were investigated with microscopy and electrochemical techniques. These experiments indicate a detrimental effect of oxide scales due to the wire and arc additive manufacturing process on the corrosion behaviour of the steel. The results of the study show that special care must be given to the geometry and surface state of wire and arc additively produced low carbon steel components in case of long-term use. Show more
Journal / seriesMaterials and Corrosion
Pages / Article No.
SubjectCorrosion; Geometry scanning; Local electrochemical measurements; Metallography; Point-by-point welding; Wire and arc additive manufacturing
Organisational unit09593 - Angst, Ueli / Angst, Ueli
09660 - Taras, Andreas / Taras, Andreas
03708 - Gramazio, Fabio / Gramazio, Fabio
03709 - Kohler, Matthias / Kohler, Matthias
02284 - NFS Digitale Fabrikation / NCCR Digital Fabrication
03891 - Flatt, Robert J. / Flatt, Robert J.
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194812 - Enhanced Durability Predictions of Reinforced Concrete Exposed to Corrosive Environments (follow-up proposal) (SNF)
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