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dc.contributor.author
Aggensteiner, Pascal M.
dc.contributor.author
Holz, Nathalie E.
dc.contributor.author
Kaiser, Anna
dc.contributor.author
Pernt, Pascal M.
dc.contributor.author
Böttinger, Boris
dc.contributor.author
Baumeister, Sarah
dc.contributor.author
Werhahn, Julia
dc.contributor.author
Walitza, Susanne
dc.contributor.author
Banaschewski, Tobias
dc.contributor.author
Brandeis, Daniel
dc.date.accessioned
2022-06-28T07:27:31Z
dc.date.available
2022-03-09T06:49:57Z
dc.date.available
2022-06-28T07:27:31Z
dc.date.issued
2022-05
dc.identifier.issn
0167-8760
dc.identifier.issn
1872-7697
dc.identifier.other
10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2021.12.010
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/536206
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000536206
dc.description.abstract
Background: Psychophysiological measures of arousal are often considered as potential biomarkers for disruptive behavior disorder (DBD). Nevertheless, the evidence is mixed, possibly reflecting the heterogeneity of DBD and different subtypes of aggression. Additionally, arousal measures of the central nervous system (e.g. electroencephalogram: EEG) are underrepresented compared to peripheral ones (heart rate: HR; skin conductance: SC). Methods: We recorded HR, SC, and EEG (frequency band power at three electrodes Fz, Cz, Pz) in 49 participants with DBD, and 15 typically developing peers during two resting state and an emotional task condition. Group differences were assessed by a repeated measure ANOVA and regression analyses were applied to evaluate subtype-specific patterns. Results: Our results showed higher mean HR activity in DBD participants, which was however driven by medicated participants and no significant group differences were found for SC. Interestingly, a significant group x frequency band interaction emerged for the EEG. DBD youth showed lower alpha activity. Regression analyses showed that higher theta and lower alpha band activity were related to more general aggression scores and higher delta and lower beta activity predicted proactive aggression. Conclusions: The lack of robust and significant differences for peripheral measurements (HR and SC) fits with previous mixed findings for externalizing disorders. Our results suggest that EEG measurements might be more sensitive to detect group differences and higher delta and lower beta activity might represent an index of a proactive subtype of aggression.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Elsevier
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject
CU traits
en_US
dc.subject
Subtypes
en_US
dc.subject
Aggression
en_US
dc.subject
Conduct disorder
en_US
dc.subject
Oppositional defiant disorder
en_US
dc.subject
Arousal
en_US
dc.subject
Psychophysiology
en_US
dc.title
Exploring psychophysiological indices of disruptive behavior disorders and their subtypes of aggression
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2022-02-19
ethz.journal.title
International Journal of Psychophysiology
ethz.journal.volume
175
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Int. j. psychophysiol.
ethz.pages.start
24
en_US
ethz.pages.end
31
en_US
ethz.size
8 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Amsterdam
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2022-03-09T06:50:09Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2022-06-28T07:27:38Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2023-02-07T03:50:07Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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