Discontinuity of the Phase Transition for the Planar Random-Cluster and Potts Models with q > 4
- Journal Article
We prove that the q state Potts model and the random-cluster model with cluster weight q>4 undergo a discontinuous phase transition on the square lattice. More precisely, we show (1) Existence of multiple infinite-volume measures for the critical Potts and random-cluster models, (2) Ordering for the measures with monochromatic (resp. wired) boundary conditions for the critical Potts model (resp. random-cluster model), and (3) Exponential decay of correlations for the measure with free boundary conditions for both the critical Potts and random-cluster models. The proof is based on a rigorous computation of the Perron-Frobenius eigenvalues of the diagonal blocks of the transfer matrix of the six-vertex model, whose ratios are then related to the correlation length of the random-cluster model. As a byproduct, we rigorously compute the correlation lengths of the critical random-cluster and Potts models, and show that they behave as exp(π2/√(q−4)) as q tends to 4. Show more
Journal / seriesAnnales scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure
Pages / Article No.
PublisherSociété Mathématique de France
SubjectRandom-cluster model; FK percolation; Potts model; Bethe Ansatz; six-vertex model; phase transition
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