- Journal Article
Estimation of a dynamical system's latent state subject to sensor noise and model inaccuracies remains a critical yet difficult problem in robotics. While Kalman filters provide the optimal solution in the least squared sense for linear and Gaussian noise problems, the general nonlinear and non-Gaussian noise case is significantly more complicated, typically relying on sampling strategies that are limited to low-dimensional state spaces. In this letter, we devise a general inference procedure for filtering of nonlinear, non-Gaussian dynamical systems that exploits the differentiability of both the update and prediction models to scale to higher dimensional spaces. Our method, Stein particle filter, can be seen as a deterministic flow of particles, embedded in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space, from an initial state to the desirable posterior. The particles evolve jointly to conform to a posterior approximation while interacting with each other through a repulsive force. We evaluate the method in simulation and in complex localization tasks while comparing it to sequential Monte Carlo solutions. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Pages / Article No.
SubjectLocalization; probabilistic inference; particle filter; stein variational inference based optimization
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