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Quantifying disaster resilience of a community with interdependent civil infrastructure systems
- Journal Article
Disaster resilient civil infrastructure systems are essential for disaster resilient communities. Measuring the resilience of these systems is the first step towards their improvement. This, however, is not easy: civil infrastructure systems are highly complex, operate in different ways, and are affected differently in different disasters. Adding to the complexity are the dynamic interdependencies among components of such systems, that change as the community is recovering. The Re-CoDeS framework for quantifying disaster resilience measures the lack of resilience of a system (e.g., a community) as the amount of the system's unmet demand for a considered resource or service over the resilience assessment interval. This paper presents a novel demand/supply-based method to consider dynamic component interdependencies by extending the Re-CoDeS framework: whenever the demand of a component is not met by the currently available supply capacity of the system, that component ceases to operate and its supply capacity decreases. The proposed iRe-CoDeS framework is demonstrated on a virtual community served by three interdependent civil infrastructure systems producing five types of resources and services. Step-by-step instructions for defining a community model within the iRe-CoDeS framework are presented to facilitate the use of the proposed framework. Show more
Journal / seriesStructure and Infrastructure Engineering
PublisherTaylor & Francis
SubjectResilience; infrastructure; assessment; systems; disaster; network analysis; demand; supply capacity; quantitative analysis
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